The Flag and the National Anthem of Australia

The Australian Flag Q & A

Q. Who designed it?
Annie Whistler Dorrington

Q. When and where was it first flown?
A. 1901 in Melbourne

Q. What do the stars represent?
A. The 5 stars on the right represent the constellation of stars known as the Southern Cross. The 7 pointed, larger star is the Federation star. Each of the points represents one of the 6 States and seventh is for the Australian Territories (Canberra, and the Northern Territory)

Click to find out about the history of Australian flags

Find out about the Australian Coat of Arms

The Anthem: composed by Peter Dodds McCormick (1834-1916)


Australians all let us rejoice,
For we are young and free;
We've golden soil and wealth for toil;
Our home is girt by sea;
Our land abounds in nature's gifts
Of beauty rich and rare;
In history's page, let every stage
Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.

Beneath our radiant Southern Cross
We'll toil with hearts and hands;
To make this Commonwealth of ours
Renowned of all the lands;
For those who've come across the seas
We've boundless plains to share;
With courage let us all combine
To Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing,
Advance Australia Fair.

Click here to read about how Advance Australia Fair became the National Anthem.

To hear the music on a YouTube video click here

 Floral and Faunal Emblems of Australia are on kidcyber here

If you use any part of this in your own work, acknowledge it in your bibliography like this:
Thomas, R. & Sydenham, S. The flag and national anthem of Australia. [Online] (2010)

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